Sourdough and Bone Broth for Gluten Intolerance

by Ann Marie Michaels on January 19, 2008

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I just read this fascinating article, Going with the Grain by Catherine Kzapp on how she healed her father, a sufferer of celiac disease, or gluten intolerance.

Gluten intolerance has become a serious modern disease, not just among kids on the autistic spectrum (autism, Aspberger’s ADD/ADHD), but among many, many people with chronic digestive problems.

Damage to the intestinal wall causes a condition known as leaky gut or intestinal permeability. This creates all sorts of problems such as toxins being released into the bloodstream and malabsorption of nutrients.

Malabsorpition causes degenerative diseases like osteoperosis in the elderly and can cause failure to thrive in babies.

Most celiac sufferers feel doomed to a life without bread. Complete avoidance of gluten (and often casein — in dairy products) is the only way they can quell a plethora of symptoms and disorders.

Symptoms of Celiac Disease or Gluten Intolerance (from the Mayo Clinic):

There are no typical signs and symptoms of celiac disease. Most people with the disease have general complaints, such as intermittent diarrhea, abdominal pain and bloating. Sometimes people with celiac disease may have no gastrointestinal symptoms at all. Celiac disease symptoms can also mimic those of other conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome, gastric ulcers, Crohn’s disease, parasite infections, anemia, skin disorders or a nervous condition.

Celiac disease may also present itself in less obvious ways, including irritability or depression, anemia, stomach upset, joint pain, muscle cramps, skin rash, mouth sores, dental and bone disorders (such as osteoporosis), and tingling in the legs and feet (neuropathy).

Some indications of malabsorption that may result from celiac disease include:

Weight loss
Diarrhea
Abdominal cramps, gas and bloating
General weakness
Foul-smelling or grayish stools that may be fatty or oily
Stunted growth (in children)
Osteoporosis

The article by Catherine Czapp is very encouraging for the gluten intolerant, as it outlines a protocol for recovery that goes beyond gluten avoidance:

When a patient receives a diagnosis of celiac disease or gluten intolerance, either via laboratory testing or by process of elimination by the sufferer himself, complete avoidance of all gluten-containing foods will often bring improvement of many symptoms in a short time, sometimes as quickly as three days; others may require a month for positive signs to emerge. Finally understanding what was wrong can be a tremendous relief for someone who had likely been struggling with unhappy digestion for quite some time.

It is important to remember, though, that the impaired digestive capabilities of someone suffering from this autoimmune disorder will not automatically return to full healthy functioning by merely excluding gluten from the diet, nor will longstanding nutrient deficiencies be corrected unless they are actively addressed in a recuperation protocol designed with care and insight into the needs of the individual. Celiacs who have been severely afflicted should expect significant renewal of health only after one or more years of concerted effort.

What does she recommend for recovery?

Bone broths! The gelatin in homemade bone broths actually repairs the intestinal walls.

She ventured beyond the average bone broth, though, adding things like kombu, shiitake and nettles — which also help to soothe and repair the gut:

I had been pottering away in my kitchen experimenting with bone broths. I had become entranced by the extraordinary nutritive and recuperative properties of highly gelatinized broth made from the long simmering of bones, and I wanted to have a good storage of it. I improvised my brews by adding astragalus root–a nutritive immune system enhancer–to some pots, and kombu (a brown kelp) to others for its contribution of minerals and soothing mucilage. I added vinegar I’d made from shiitake mushroom stems–another immune system booster–in others, and nettles I’d grown on the burial ground of spent fish bones in another.

Nettles have so many nourishing and energizing attributes that one can barely enumerate them all, but I had been counting on their ability to pull minerals from the soil to augment my bone stocks. I only recently have come across a reference to their ability to actually promote the growth of intestinal villi!

Note: she does not recommend storebought broth. It must be homemade from the bones of chickens, cows, fish, or other animals (or purchased from someone who made it from scratch).

She goes on to discuss homemade sourdough bread and how it may be tolerable by celiacs. She says her recovered dad has been eating it for years with no ill effects.

She describes an amazing study wherein celiac volunteers ate sourdough bread and had no reaction:

A study published in February, 2004 in Applied and Environmental Microbiology with the tantalizing title “Sourdough Bread Made from Wheat and Nontoxic Flours and Started with Selected Lactobacilli Is Tolerated in Celiac Sprue Patients,” describes the results of an Italian research team which, encouraged by preliminary findings of their earlier work in vitro, designed an in vivo experiment to test their findings. The team’s premise was that lactobacilli, chosen for their ability to hydrolyze or sever protein (gliadin) fractions might be key in processing wheat flour so that its toxic properties would be neutralized and therefore not harmful to celiac patients.

Their experiment included 17 subjects, all celiac patients who had been consuming gluten-free diets for at least two years and no longer exhibiting symptoms. The experimental bread was made from a combination of wheat (Triticum aestivum), oat, millet and buckwheat flours, 30 percent of which was wheat. The flour was mixed with a “broth” of four lab-obtained lactobacilli, a dose of baker’s yeast and tap water in a continuous high-speed mixer. When the dough was allowed to ferment at about body temperature for 24 hours, almost all of the toxic peptide fractions in the wheat protein had been hydrolized. The bread was then baked and fed to the celiac volunteers (who also bravely ate breads made with plain baker’s yeast as “controls”). After consuming the simple yeasted bread, analysis of the volunteers’ gut permeability was made, which showed a change in permeability normally associated with celiac response. No such response was noted when the volunteers ate the 24-hour fermented sourdough bread. The authors of the study are cautiously enthusiastic about the results of this “novel bread biotechnology” and its implications for celiac patients.

Note: we are not talking about that faux sourdough bread you find in the grocery store. This is real homemade sourdough made from a fermented starter.

The article concludes:

Rather than condemn celiac sufferers to a life without bread, how much better to offer a healing protocol followed for life with the right kind of bread. In fact, how much better for all of us to take our cue from celiac sufferers and consume only bread that has been prepared by artisans–with attention to detail and lots of time.

The same old refrain. Modern food production is causing health problems that can be reversed by going back to eating foods raised and prepared traditionally.

There is nothing I love better than a house filled with the odors of fresh baking bread and a pot of homemade chicken stock simmering on the stove. To me, that’s home.

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{ 19 comments… read them below or add one }

fervid_unicorn January 19, 2008 at 1:53 PM

The team’s premise was that lactobacilli, chosen for their ability to hydrolyze or sever protein (gliadin) fractions might be key in processing wheat flour so that its toxic properties would be neutralized and therefore not harmful to celiac patients.

Wow. I here I thought I might never eat wheat again. You never know, I guess, and this is just more evidence of the benefits of good flora. You know, I’m not surprised. I recently came across an article on kimchi (Lactobacillus) being fed to chickens with avian flu. Eleven of thirteen of them were recovering from the flu within a week.

The bone-broth connection is fascinating! I might try that and use it as a base for chicken soup.

Reply

LeahS July 11, 2011 at 9:27 AM

that is amazing!

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cheeseslave January 19, 2008 at 2:08 PM

“I recently came across an article on kimchi (Lactobacillus) being fed to chickens with avian flu. Eleven of thirteen of them were recovering from the flu within a week.”

Wow — that is incredible! Not surprising though… :-)

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Jan Tacherra January 21, 2008 at 11:50 AM

You write “analysis of the volunteers’ gut permeability was made, which showed a change in permeability normally associated with celiac response.”
Please describe how this “analysis” was done. It is very dangerous for those with gluten sensitivity to eat wheat -sourdough with a lactobacillus starter or not! BE CAREFUL. Celiacs who continue to consume wheat have a much higher incidence of colon cancer. I do not think an “analysis” of gut permeability is enough to encourage gluten sensitive people to eat wheat. It is people’s lives you are affecting here. Jan

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cheeseslave January 21, 2008 at 12:09 PM

Hi, there,

If you reread the post, I did not write that. I was quoting an article written by Katherine Czapp.

In the article, Czapp was referring to a study published in February, 2004 in Applied and Environmental Microbiology entitled “Sourdough Bread Made from Wheat and Nontoxic Flours and Started with Selected Lactobacilli Is Tolerated in Celiac Sprue Patients.”

See the full article here:

http://www.westonaprice.org/moderndiseases/healing-celiac-disease.html

To read the abstract of the study, it’s here:

http://aem.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/70/2/1088

There’s lots more links online referring to this study if you google it — here’s another:

http://www.enzymestuff.com/rtflour.htm

Reply

TawnyHare January 22, 2008 at 3:07 AM

I am gluten intolerant, and cannot eat regular bread or gluten products. Sourdough (or levain or biga) bread and products made with soured wheat are the only things that do not upset me. I can eat 4-5 slices of true sourdough bread per day and not feel any intestinal troubles. Soured pancakes and cakes.

Surprinsingly, wholewheat bread affects me worse than white.

I recently read an article in the NewYork Times about dough that is rested before baking and uses a fraction of the yeast that regular recipes call for:
http://www.nytimes.com/2006/11/08/dining/08mini.html

I haven’t tried this out yet, but it will be interesting to find out what my reactions maybe!
x

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cheeseslave January 22, 2008 at 7:57 AM

You know Louisa, I forgot that you posted about this! So your experience confirms what these researchers found and what Czapp’s father experienced.

That is very cool!

I am not sure if the slow bread method reported in the NY Times would work… only because there is no good bacteria to predigest all the things that give you trouble. I am not sure how it works with yeast.

I wonder though if his slow rise method would work with the sourdough? I don’t see why not… maybe I will try it. It’s like Lasagna Gardening instead of tilling — you let the bacteria do their thing, just like the worms in your garden.

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Henriette May 6, 2008 at 4:52 AM

Louisa I´m not GI
- but I simply can´t do whole wheat- upsets my bowels so bad even when they are soaked or sour doughed
- white sifted wheat is fine – as well as whole and white spelt…
my guess is that the wheat bran contains something that upsets me.
About 75- 85 % of my grains is soaked or sour dough versions- I do eat small amounts of cakes and cookies that are not whole grain or soaked ;-) I´m not perfect

Reply

virginia July 22, 2008 at 7:01 PM

That is awesome information.Thanks so much for posting information that is important.

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Jessika September 23, 2009 at 11:59 PM

“he experimental bread was made from a combination of wheat (Triticum aestivum), oat, millet and buckwheat flours, 30 percent of which was wheat”

I’m curious how they were able to tolerate this bread since oats are gluten?

Also after the two year mark of intestinal healing…it is possible to eat gluten and not have ‘such’ a horrible reaction…however it puts you at risk for other autoimmune disorders/ different cancers.

- Jessika : Celiac Speaks – My Personal Notes

Reply

cheeseslave September 24, 2009 at 5:46 AM

Jessika -

Many people believe that celiac disease is not a life sentence and that you can heal and repair the gut enough that one day, some celiacs can eat gluten again.

Dr. Campbell McBride is one of those people. If you haven’t read her book “Gut & Psychology Syndrome” you should read it. Her work is based on the SCD (Specific Carbohydrate Diet). Dr. CMB’s “GAPS” protocol has you go off all grains and starches for a period of time, as well as anything with complex sugars — disaccharides and polysaccharides. She also has you eat large quantites of bone broth, which heals the gut. And you take strong therapeutic grade probiotics and cod liver oil, and lots of healthy fats.

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Dawn February 13, 2010 at 9:18 PM

In response to eating sour dough w/ gluten intolerance: my son is GI and I would love to know how to make the bread that he can eat. I live in SC, and don’t know if there is anywhere here to buy it.

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cheeseslave February 14, 2010 at 1:39 AM

@ Dawn

Not sure if he will be able to eat the sourdough bread. You’ll have to try and see. (I’m going to post a recipe soon with a method for no-knead sourdough bread.)

It depends on how gluten intolerant one is. If he is very gluten intolerant, I would suggest looking into the GAPS Diet — http://www.gapsdiet.com is a good place to learn more. Gluten intolerance can be reversible — I used to be gluten intolerant and I reversed it with a diet very similar to the GAPS diet (I would have followed that if it had existed back then — this was 15 yrs ago)

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Alisue July 5, 2011 at 11:00 AM

Will be starting my sourdough starter when we are ready to introduce bread back into our diets….sounds yummy!

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Erica July 13, 2011 at 8:33 AM

Wow! It is amazing that celiacs can still eat bread, properly prepared and fermented of course.

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Raia March 27, 2013 at 8:23 AM

I have been making traditional sourdough for about 2 months now. I usually make pizza dough, rolls, biscuits, pancakes, etc. out of it, but the other day I tried bread for the first time. It turned out great, but after eating it both my husband and 4-year old complained of tummy aches. None of the other baked good bothered them and they can eat conventional bread without a problem. Any idea what the issue could be? Maybe too long of a rise? I’m clueless – it didn’t bother anyone else in my family… Help!

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